Choosing the Right AGV

AGV(自动引导车辆)是一种移动的自我导向车辆自主according to a planned route, using different technologies such as a magnetic strip, a track, a laser or a GPS.
它们通常用于运输产品,原材料,托盘和其他物体。vwin德赢官方网站最初它们被用于工业环境,但公司也越来越多地用于,例如将产品从一个工作站运输到另一个工作站。vwin德赢官方网站

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  • What is an AGV?

    Indeva AGV.

    AGV代表自动导向车辆。他们是自动无人驾驶车辆跟随A.计划路线using various types of指导技术such as:

    • 磁带
    • marked lines
    • tracks
    • 激光器
    • 相机(视觉指导)
    • 全球定位系统

    An AGV is powered by a电池and equipped with安全保护as well as various auxiliary mechanisms (such as load removal and mounting).

    它的主要目的是transport materials(vwin德赢官方网站产品,托盘,盒子等)。它也可以提升和桩载荷在很长的距离。

    通常使用agvs(工厂,仓库),但也可以在外面使用。亚马逊在其仓库中使用了整个AGV的队列。

    AGV and AGV system

    AGV系统是一个完整的物流解决方案,汇集了所有允许AGV均正确移动的技术。这包括:

    • 解决方案元素:load handling, load transport, feed order and safety;
    • technological elements:traffic control, navigation, communication, control of load handling devices and safety system.
  • 如何选择AGV?

    The choice of an AGV system depends on the task the vehicle will have to perform and the complexity of the infrastructure already in place or to be put in place. Before making your decision, you should ask yourself the right questions:

    我的AGV会搬家什么?

    • Will they be light or heavy?
    • For heavy loads, a bespoke AGV might be a better solution


    你应该选择什么类型的导航?

    • 导航类型(激光引导,磁条,GPS ......)取决于AGV的环境(无论是湿,冷,还会与人类运营商的互动等)。)


    What is the AGV’s level of accuracy?

    • 确保您的AGV具有适当的精度水平,以便能够放置负载而不会损坏它。

    Is the AGV compatible with the logistics system already being used by my company?

    • An AGV system is part of an automated logistics system
    • 因此,有必要确保这些系统与接口(ERP,企业资源计划或WMS,仓库管理系统)的兼容性您的公司已在使用。

    我应该选择标准或定制的agv吗?

    • A standard AGV is cheaper to buy
    • 标准AGV的维护也更易于由外部服务提供商执行
    • 但是,对于沉重或特殊负载,您应该有利于定制AGV。

    Do I need to equip my AGV with safety devices?

    • 您可以使用您的AGV配备检测传感器that will stop its movement when it is facing an obstacle or a person.
    • 也可以添加声音和可视元素。
  • Why should you purchase an AGV system?

    生产中心与AGV系统

    在仓库中使用AGV在过去几年中取出了。这可以通过AGV允许您改进的事实来解释the efficiency of equipment handling以这种方式增加了生产力收益. Advantages of an AGV system include:

    • Optimal operation 24/7:
      • As they don’t have a driver, AGVs can operate every day and even at night.
      • It is simply necessary to provide for the time required to recharge the battery between operations.
    • Guaranteed safety for processes, loads and people:
      • 由于AGV遵循编程路径,因此从过程的开始到结束。这使得可以更好地利用控制货物和运输产品的可追溯性。vwin德赢官方网站
      • An AGV is equipped with safety devices that prevent it from running into operators on its path.
      • An AGV has an accuracy of around 10 mm, which allows precise positioning of the load and prevents damage being caused to transported products during manual handling.
      • Equipped with detection and safety sensors, AGVs are designed to stop in front of an obstacle and thus avoid collisions.
    • 改善运营商的工作条件和MSDS减少(Musculoskeletal障碍):
      • AGVS通过对它们处理重负荷的艰巨和重复的任务来缓解人类运营商。
      • Operators can then be assigned to tasks where their contribution adds real value.
    • 降低生产成本:
      • AGVS能够实现高效,安全,便宜的产品运输,并降低劳动力成本。vwin德赢官方网站
      • All this allows you to quickly increase your ROI.
    • AGVs can also operate in areas that are difficult for humans to access due to extreme temperatures or hazardous materials, for example.
    • AGV是一种自动解决方案,易于介绍:if you only want to automate a small part of your production, you can deploy a single AGV and not an entire automation system.

    有, however, also disadvantages to AGVs that should be considered:

    • 他们不会在户外最佳地运行。例如,潮湿或不平坦的地面可以扰乱AGV的运动。
    • AGVs不适合非重复性任务。
    • 它们不如操作员灵活,如果生产需要它,可以更改任务,而AGV则仅限于自己的任务。
  • 你应该选择什么类型的导航?

    As we’ve seen, an AGV can move using different types of nagivation technology.

    • Laser guiding:
      • AGV配备有旋转激光器,允许其检测插入其环境中的反射器并非常精确地建立其位置。
      • 他们是very precise and allow for product handling to the nearest quarter of a centimeter.
      • 它们特别适用于医疗应用。
    • 电线指导:
      • The AGV travels along a ground track that can be composed of wires, tracks, magnetic lines or cables.
      • You have to install rails in order to use this technology however.
      • 如果您的应用程序不需要灵活性,则应仅选择此选项。
    • Visual guiding
      • AGV遵循地面上涂在其相机识别的路上。
      • 安装成本低于电线指导,此类AGV不需要任何特殊的安装工作。
    • 地洛瓦杰
      • The AGV contains a mapped representation of its environment in its system that allows it to move independently, without having to adapt infrastructure.
      • It calculates its trips by itself automatically.
      • 这项技术非常灵活,因为可以通过直接在映射软件上工作时修改AGV的映射。
      • It’s the most reliable solution.
  • What different types of AGV are there?

    MSK electric fork AGV

    3 main types of AGV:单位装载,叉车和拖车。

    • 单位装载车辆:
      • 这些是能够传送单一产品(即线圈,电动机)或托盘或含箱的产品的电动车辆。vwin德赢官方网站
    • agv叉车
      • 它们用于移动托盘。
      • 许多型号在叉子上有传感器(例如红外传感器)。
    • 牵引(或Tugger)自动引导车辆:
      • 他们是motorized vehicles capable of pulling one or more non-motorized vehicles with loads behind them, like a train.
      • They have a capacity up to 8 tonnes.
      • 他们是also equipped with trays that can be lifted, lowered, with motorized rollers, belts, etc. to ensure the automatic transfer of loads.
  • What are the main uses of AGVs?

    AGVS用于运输许多类型的材料,包括托盘,滚筒,推车和容器。

    它们特别适合:

    • 生产中心,用于:
      • Handlingraw materials (paper, steel, rubber, metal and plastic).
        • 这包括将所接收的材料运送到仓库,并将材料直接送到生产线上。
      • Transporting products during the manufacturing process.
        • agvs允许您从中移动产品vwin德赢官方网站仓库向生产/处理线或从一个处理区域到另一个处理区域。
      • Delivering parts and tools.
      • 成品的运输,需要温和地处理产品然后去客户。vwin德赢官方网站
        • As AGVs operate with precisely controlled navigation, the risk of damage is reduced to a minimum.
      • Transporting waste to recycling centers.
    • 物流中心(存储/分销):
      • 存储和检索产品。vwin德赢官方网站
      • 托盘处理,因为它是重复和频繁的运动。
        • AGV可以将托盘从码垛机中移动,将它们包装到仓库或航运码头。
      • 自动加载拖车。
        • This is a fairly new use of AGVs but is becoming increasingly popular.
        • AGVs can take pallets from conveyors or racks and deliver them to the trailer.
      • Handling product flow in a warehouse.

    SSI SCHÄFER handling AGV

  • What are the latest AGV trends?

    近年来,AGV系统的能力随着传感器软件和技术而飙升。制造商正在提供更精确,高效和更安全的车辆。

    几种技术可能对未来几年的AGV行业产生很大影响。

    • 莱达
      • LIDAR传感器传输测量物体和AGV配有IT之间距离的激光脉冲。该编译的数据允许绘制360°映射的操作区域,允许AGV在没有任何其他基础架构的情况下导航。
    • Camera vision systems
      • 相机允许实时捕获信息,这有助于AGV“请参阅”安装的障碍和基础架构。
      • When this information is combined with the data provided by LiDAR sensors, a dynamic and complete 3D image of an operational area is obtained.
    • 新软件
      • Software is the backbone of an AGV system. It can solve the unique challenges of each installation and thus implement specific solutions to best meet certain applications.
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